AMERICANREVOLUTION.ORG

LETTER-BOOK OF CAPTAIN ALEXANDER McDONALD,
OF THE
ROYAL HIGHLAND EMIGRANTS

December 1778/January 1779


MEMORIAL CONCERNING WHO IS CHIEF OF THE CLAN MACDONALD BY MAJOR DONALD MACDONALD OF CASTLETOWN -1758.

In discussing this Question it is needless to go higher than John The Son of Angus Lord of the Isles, because all the Claimants are, descended of this man for as the Branches that Sprang from the family before John As the MacAlisters, the MacEans, or Macdonalds of Ardnimurchin &ca. These never pretended to be Chiefs of Macdonalds And by the by it is not improper to take notice here of an Error in Mr Crawford's Accot of the Macdonalds Namely that MacEan of Glenco is the Representative of the Family of Ardnimurchin. This is not true, for The Representative of that Family is Alexander Macdonald at present a Lieutenant in the Honorable Colol Montgomery's Highland Battalion whose Grand father Angus was dispossessed of the Small part of that Estate, which the Heirs had retained after The Gift to Sir Donald Campbell. John the Son of Angus Lord of the Isles was without dispute Chief of the Macdonalds. This John Supported the Interest of King Edward Baliol, from whom he had a Charter of Many lands which is to be found in Rymer's foedera.

John afterwards married a daughter of Robert the 2d by whom he had three Sons. 1st Donald who having Succeeded to his father's Estate and honors must be presumed According to the Principles of Law and Reason to have been his fathers Eldest Son, this Presumption is so strong that nothing can render it invalid but a direct and Clear Proof that another Son was so and not he; 2d. John by the Seanchies called John More (of this second Son) was descended the family of Islay or Dunivaig of wch the families Antrim, Sana and Largie are come. 3. Alexander of whom the family of Keappoch; Its evident that the issue of John & Alexander the Younger Sons are out of the Question. There is in Mr Rymers foedera a safe conduct to Godredus, the son of John of the Isles to come to treat with a Minister of the Kingdom of England whether this Godredus was a lawful Son or not, is not certain, as it neither is whether he left issue. There are some poor people in the Western Isles called Shiloch O-Gorrie Whether so denominated from this man or another is not known. Besides these John had another son called Reginald whose mother is said to be the daughter of Macdugald of Lorn it does not Appear that this Woman was John's lawful Wife. Seanchies say she was not and tells us a remarkable Story on this Occasion, namely that this Woman having on her death bed asked John to marry her in order to Legitimate her Children or their issue, he by the advice of one Macmahister refused her request, for which she imprecated divine Vengeance on Macmahister w'ch they say fell afterwards on him, for having fallen in Disgrace with John his Estate of Ardgowr was given to a young Gentleman of the Name of McLean who slew Macmahister but however this may be Donald and not Reginald was the Eldest lawful son as was observed above. To this Reginald John gave a very handsome fortune whence an Argument has been drawn that he must have been a legitimate Child. But this Argument is not logical for the premisses have no necessary connection with the Conclusion. It is a good Argument of Affection, but not of Legitimacy, for had he really been the eldest lawful Son it is not to be doubted but he would have asserted his birthright, and would have been supported by the Regent: When Donald Lord of the Isles and heir of John Claimed the Earldom of Ross in right of his wife and fought against the Regents forces at Harlan to ascertain it, but what puts the Matter out of question is that this Charter destroys the Cause it is brought to Support, for Reginald is to hold the Lands therein given of John and his heirs dome et Heredibus Meis which plainly Shews that the heirs of John's Estate was a Different person from Reginald; of this Reginald is descended the family of Clanranald of which Glingary and Moror are Branches.

To Donald succeeded his son Alexander Earl of Ross of whom Buchannan says that he was unus post regem longe potentissimus - Alexander Earl of Ross was succeeded by his Eldest son John who being engaged in a treasonable Association with the Earls of Douglas & Craford Against his lawful Sovereign was forfeited and Divested of this Earldom of Ross and other lands but restored by the King to the Estate and honors of the Isles w'ch were Confirmed to him in Parliament. By this deed 'tis confirmed The Estate and honors of the Lordship of the Isles were expressly provided to the said John and the issue male of his body lawfully begotten these failing to Angus his Natural Son and the Lawful issue male of his body and these failing to his heirs Male whatever.

And it is worth observing that here We have a Stronger Instance of the Affection of a father for a Natural Son than that of John for Reginald a'fore mentioned. This Angus the bastard left one son called Donald who was detained prisoner in the Castle of Inchonil in Argyleshire till a very old man, he died without issue, so that this Estate and Honors of the Isles According to the Settlement made in Parliament fell to the Nearest lawful male heir of John Earl of Ross; and who this person should be will appear by what is to follow

Besides John Alexander Earl of Ross had another lawful son called Hugh whom his brother John in a Charter of Certain lands he gave him, designs his dearly beloved Brother Hugh of the Isles the Son of Alexander (Carissimus frater noster Hugo Alexander de Insulis dominus de Sleat) of this Hugh Sir Jas McDonald is the Heir Male - Alexander Earl of Ross had also a third son, whom his brother John in a Charter of certain Lands he gave him, designs Carissimus frater noster Carnalis Celestinus de insulis dominus de Lochalsh. This Celestine (whom the Seanchies call Gillespie) was succeeded by his son Alexander and Alexander by his son Donald but Donald dying without issue his Estate fell to his Sisters this ended the Issue male of Celestine so that without controversy the lawful heir male of Hugh was the Heir of the Lordship & Estate of the Isles according to the settlement ratified in Parliament as a'fore mentioned and the present Sir Jas Macdonald being the undoubted heir Male of Hugh lawful brother of John Earl of Ross he alone has the just title of Chief of the Clan of McDonald.

It has been much disputed whether Celestine was a lawful or a bastard brother of Johns. Those who say he was a bastard found their Argument on the Carnalis w'ch uncommon designation must certainly Have a meaning and they affirm that no other rational one can be assigned but that of a Bastard when used Simply by itself as a man's designation without any opposition to Spiritualis as the word Naturalis signifies a bastard when used simply as the designation of a man Tho' it has another Meaning when used in opposition to Adoptions. Mr Crawford in his Peerage tells us in a note, that the word Carnalis does not always signify a bastard this is telling us nothing & does not determine the meaning of the Word here for it is well known when Carnalis is used in Opposition to Spiritualis it does not mean a bastard as in the Canon law wherein the Rubric of a Cannon under the title de Nuptiis where the question is put of a legal Marriage can subsist between a man's son and his goddaughter inter filium Carnalem et filiam Spiritualem here the Opposition determines the sense of the word w'ch cannot be extended to it when used simply. If Antiquaries will maintain the Contrary they must bring better proofs than Bare assertions; such Random Shots are unbecoming Critics.

There remains one particular yet to be discussed. A Lord of Glengary is said to have married one of the Heirs portioners of Lochalsh, and a Grandchild of hers having served heir to her, she is in the Retour designed Margareta de insulis whence it is inferred that she was the Heir of the Lordship of the Isles. But this is a very gross mistake for the Honors and Estate were expressly provided to the Heirs male by the deed already mentioned w'ch was confirmed in Parliament & never annulled so Could not belong to this Woman. It is easy to perceive how this designation came into the Retour, for the Lands to w'ch the Gentleman was served being a part of the Estate which belonged to Celestine and he being in his Original Charter designed de Insulis the Same Designation was given to his grand child Margaret and meant no more than that she was descended of the family of the Isles. That this is the true meaning of the designation de insulis here & in the like cases is evident from this that John the last Earl of Ross designs his brothers Hugh and Celestine by the same words but I believe that no man in his senses will say that John meant that his brothers were Lords of the Isles.

It is not improbable that this General Designation de insulis, given to the Cadets of the family of the Isles was meant to distinguish them from those of the other family descended from Somerled Thane of Argyle by his son Dougall this Branch seems to have retained the Title of Ergadia or Argyle and it occurs pretty often in Rymer's foedera, and the persons so designed seem to be the same that are called by the Scots Historians Lords of Lorn. Macdougal pretends to be the Heir of that Family - for further Accots of Somerled & his Issue see Chronicon de man published by Mr Cambden in the end of his Britania. Finis.


To CAPT McLEAN.

Fort Edward 16th decr. 1778
DR SIR

Recd yours of the 6th Inst and I am much obliged to you for the intelligence and if it hold true we have no reason to repent our patience hitherto but shou'd our Regiment be omitted in the Number that are Established I have formed my resolution and know wt to do; we have no news from this Corner only all your friend are well and wishes to see you. Mrs McLeod in particular wishes to know if that Packet with the black Seal is arrived from head Qrs. as yet.

I received the inclosed the other Day from Capt Allan with McMillans bill which he Saies he never had anything to Do with & that the man had no right to draw on him for any money on account of the Vessell as he had solde his Shair of her long before the Date of the Bill in Short I must recharge the amount to your Debit Credit Capt Allans accpt with the Same. I Expect to see you about the Beginning of New Year till then I remaine with Compts from the Ladys Dr Sir

Your very Humble Servt Alex McD.


[To __ PRINCE.]

Fort Edward 17th decr 1778

SIR

I Recd yours Concerning the Qr. Master Serjt and after every inquiry that was possible I find you have no chance for Recovery of your two Barls of pork he knows perfectly well that the Articles of War forbids non commissioned offrs & Soldiers to be trusted above a day's pay and he is Villain enough to take the Advantage of it. He is now on trial by a Court Martial & I believe will be broke after wch I shall send him to Halifax when You may do wt you please with him. Mrs McDonald joins me in Compts to Mrs Prince & am Sir, Yr


To

Fort Edward 17th Decr 1778
SIR.
I Recd yrs with a Copy of Ensn Kenth McDonald's draft on me wch will meet with due honor and will be paid when I go to town the beginning of January. Hurry of business prevented my answering yrs sooner. I am Sir Yrs


[To GENERAL FRANCIS McLEAN.]

Fort Edward 17th Decr 1778
SIR

Lieut. Sutherland of Colol Goreham's passed here yesterday in his way to fort Cumberland and told me he had orders to secure one Gleeson a deserter from Callbecks Corps or Company upon the Island of St Johns. I thought it a lucky opportunity for me when he was first delivered over to me to secure him in Lieu of two of our men whom Mr Callbeck had upon the Island but the man firmly denied ever being inlisted in that Corps or any other and says he would not serve in any other Regimt Contrary to his own Will. I then asked him if he was willing to serve in this Regimt and make an Affidavit that he was never engaged to serve in any other to wch he readily agreed & made his affidavit solemly before a justice of the peace that he never was listed nor ever recd any Money Arms or Accoutrements & never before a justice of peace or swore to any writing whatsoever for that purpose this and a report of Callbecks Corps going to be broke I thought myself at Liberty to inlist him & did list him fairly and honestly as appears by his Attestation bearing date 15th October last. He is a tall Slunging fellow was born in the County of Tipperary in Ireland and I believe will never be a brisk Soldier. Thus far of that Recruits history.

Every day brings me grievous Compts from the men of our Regimt sent on board the Buckram & Spry Sloop. I wish to God you wd be graciously pleased to order them to be relieved by some of the Regiments in Halifax and let them join me at this post it wd put it out of their power to grumble about any thing when they see other Regiments take the same tour of duty with them otherwise I am afraid it wd become a hard matter to punish them for desertion as its no part of a land soldier's duty to be employed as a Sailor or marine constantly however the whole is submitted to your superior Judgemt it's my duty to represent all Grievances or Complaints that are made to me to you who alone can redress them.

Our Young fellows are so fond of dancing and seeing the Ladies at Halifax they are constantly plaguing me for leave to go down there and they'll think it hard when I'll refuse them I have given leave to Lieut Alexr Macdonald to convey his Brother Lieut Charles as far as Halifax and ordered him immediately upon his Arrival to wait upon you for Approbation to stay a few days if you did not think well of it to repair to this post without loss of time. In Short if it was agreeable to you I wish a few lines of orders were sent to me that no officer Shou'd leave his post except when ordered upon duty. I wish for this only out of regard for the Young Gentlemen's Interest as they have nothing but their pay to spend & they may have amusement enough here.

I hope in God justice Patten is not going to be neglected or passd unpunished: they is nothing extraordinary at this post or fort Hughs and if you have no objectns the affairs of the regiment wd require my appearance at Halifax after the Holy days

I have the honor to be with Sincere regard Sir Yr


To

Fort Edward 17th decr 1778
DR SIR

I am heartily sorry for the disaster that happened to the sloop Lavinia who parted Company with the Minerva and put back to patridge Island in distress upon hearing that the Captn & most of her Crew had left her Captn Campbell applied to me for leave to send a Serjt Corpl & 6 men to conduct her Safe to Annapolis w'ch they did and I hope and wish she may be with you by this time as I am certain the Articles that were board of her for your & Major Campbell Wd come very seasonably knowing that the Markets of Halifax will be very extravagant this winter you cannot imagine how uneasy & anxious Captn Duncan Campbell is about this affair. I really & truly believe that if he was a man of fortune he wd not for two hundred pounds that ever he had engaged to send these things notwithstanding his readiness to serve a friend. I am sure you can't be half so happy on receiv'g them as he will on his hearing so he & I expects to have the pleasure of seeing you the beginng of the year and hope you will honor us with your Company upon our Return if the weather will permit with my kind respects to Major Campbell & the Gentlemen of your Corps

I am Dr Sir Yr Most obedt & humble Servt.


To JOHN McDONALD.

Fort Edward Decr 20, 1778
MY DEAR JNo

I Recd yr kind favrs of the 10 & 13 Inst and tho' time will not permit me to write you such long L'res as I wd wish to do I will endeavor to inform you of every thing you coud wish to hear as far as comes within the reach of my knowledge. I'm happy you sent the Returns and I don't doubt before now but there are L'res with you appointing some person as Muster master. Genl Maclean is determined to be very exact a very great Oconomist so far as that he will not advance a single sixpence even of our pay or Subsistance unless our Musterly Abstract is signed by the Muster Master & I leave you to judge how far the Muster Master can do that in the dispersed situation we are at present. Your three Contingent men are cut off that is to be paid only every half year and not in advance as we get our subsistance but after they become due so that if a Captn dies now his heirs runs a risk of losing that money the Baggage Batt forrage & Rations of forage are intirely cut off.

The Money you advanced Difft Companies will be charged to them & placed to yr Credit; in regard to the Cash you Spent in pursuit of the Spy & deserters you may easily guess how it will be from wt I told you above. However I wish you may Send me an accot of it Signed by yourself & I'll try whether it will pass, in a Contingent Acct or not. I am certain it will not with General Maclean wtever may be its fate with the Commander in Chief. Your two men Manuvel & Codran Still on board the Spry. I will order the Qr Mr to furnish them wth wt winter Clothing they may want at, as easy a rate as he can. The Watch Coats will be with you before this comes to hand if no disaster happens the Vessel on w'ch they went on board. Ensn Robertson is at last arrived in Halifax & I was told he was to set off for Annapolis with Lt James who is now here & the bearer of this & who tells me that Mr Robertson Chang'd his Opinion & staid behind whether with or without the General's leave I do not know but this day I will send him possitive orders on Rect to repair immediately to his post with all Convent Speed with directions First to wait upon the Genl & ask his Commands & you may depend upon he Shall not wait long at either of the Posts you mentioned. I'll send you by James what Dollars I can scrape together & wt more I can, get shall be sent by Robertson agreable to yr directions if you chuse to receive yr whole Subsistance in Coppers you had better Send the Dispatch Man of War round to Halifax. I will look over all your L'res I answer wtever part requires it. I am extremely sorry for your Loss especially on Accot of the disappointmt to your Sisters & Servants w'ch cannot be replaced.

I am affraid as well as you that the Paragraph of Captn Jno McKinnons L're is not to be depended on As the last Vessel from London brings a Certain Accot that 12 of the new Bns are established & got Nos tho' not a word of us. Major Small is not to leave London this Winter and we Shall soon see wt the joint Efforts of Genl McLean & him will produce if we are not among the first of this 12 that has got Nos I think we are most Cursedly degraded. Indeed the Young Ragamuffins at Halifax will not hear say we shall have the least Chance to be preferred to them they have almost put McKinnon Stark mad we had here the pleasure of his Compy a few nights ago talking about these matters he cocked up his nose & Shook his tremendous Croic gave a terrible blow with his fist to the table on wch the bowls & Glasses almost Sprung up to the Top of the Room & Swore by the Living God he wd drive the whole lot of them out to Point Pleasant into the sea With the two Flanking Companies. I am told they are a terror to All the Soldiers & Sailors about Halifax a few nights ago a boats Crew from the Rainbow was ashore & Comitting some disorders & Riots in One of the Houses w'ch the Grenadiers frequent a party of them came in immediately beat the Sailors damnably and each of them took one upon his back threw them into their boat like so many bags of wool lanched the boat & set them adrift. I approve of yr Resolution & I have formed the Same in case no good news comes before the limitted time. In regard to the Affidavit & your Remarks I forward them to Genl McLean I did not find after Reading them attentively Any thing but wt was proper for him to see I have wrote the General Twice Complaining bitterly of the Usage of our men on board of Sloops and Vessels and other triffling Services for w'ch they never were designed to act especially more than in their proper turn with other Regimts I also complained of our dispersed situation & pray'd to have the Regimt brot together either at Annapolis, or Windsor and indeed to any place he thought proper So that we were all together. I likewise begd to know wt was to be done with that Scoundrel Patten to ni'ther of wch remonstrances I recd No Answer good bad or indifferent.

I Don't doubt if Major Small gets the Bn established but he'll use all his Endeavors to bring them to Head Qrs as he is himself out of his Element except when there but I Wd wish with all my heart we were together one Summer Season before we went there and as there is an Opportunity for England now & you'r Certain your L're will overtake him there I wish you wd write both him & Genl McLean your thoughts fully & freely upon every thing & Send it by Express here as soon as ever you can the whole under Cover to Jno Ogilvie Esqr Agent in Conduit Street London. I don't recollect any thing else only that we are all well. Mrs McDond & Mrs McLeod desire's to be remembered to you in the Kindest Manner & Wd be glad to see you if there be good Sleaing and with kind Complimts to all the Gentlemen I am Dr John Yrs


To GENERAL FRANCIS McLEAN.

Fort Edward 21st Decr 1778
SIR.

I am Sorry to be so troublesome to you - by a L're recd from Captn Dun : Campbell at Cornwallis I am inform'd that the Provisions wch were sent to serve that detachmt for the Winter the Vessel wherein they were Shipped being Cast away in a Gale of wind how soon Captn Campbell will report the difficiency after Surveying the Provisions must be Supplied from this post -

The Charming Sally w'ch was expected here & on board of whom were Artillery Stores &Ca. for this place has put in to Annapolis where I suppose She'll remain all Winter as Captn Jno Macdonald who Commands there cannot afford to give a Sufft party to escort her round to Halifax. I must ask your pardon for troubling you once more about justice Patten and for once with a very long Letter of my thoughts and Sentiments on the Conduct of that Vilain; in the first place Captn Jno Macdonald did not by any means neglect to search into the Cause of the Men's desertion from Annapolis & has been so far Successfull as Appears by the Packages of papers marked No 1 & 2 the 1st Contains five affidavits which shews that a Capital Offender a justice of Peace Patton an Inhabitant of that River was at the bottom of it and he was even Contriving to get away more of them if not the whole in time -
The proof is indeed of the hearsay and Circumstantial. kind but Captn Jno McDonald's Judicious remarks on it wch you will find in the Same Packages leave no room to doubt in my Opinion that it is perfectly Conclusive & I hope however the Exertions that has been used will prevent further Attempts but to Make sure of this point it will perhaps be necessary to prosecute the Offenders far as Law can direct -

Its probable that if you think proper to push this Affair it will draw odium & censure from many in the Province on Capt Jno. But at all events whatever may be the Construction & Judgmt of those who from pretended moderation and affected Aversion to wt they are pleased to term Violence from their Indiffce about the issue of the Rebellion or sordid ends & Affection to the Cause of the Rebels wish to have this Country continued to be a thoroughfare for their intercourse Supplies & dangerous Intrigues. I hope it will be allowed by his Superiors that it was Captn McDonald's duty to trace the Information & Circumstances agst justice Patton as far as possible & that the Same was a Sufft Cause to him of a Serious attention to his Situation placed at an outpost distant from every Aid with a Single Comy of Soldrs in point of No only the fewness of w'ch is in Some degree a bar to the Cultivation of esprit Du Corps & is not Sufft to Strike his adversaries with a necessary awe or to Command respect Surrounded with Enemies who had already play'd off a Successful Stroke agst him & Seeing an extensive plot for ruining the whole detachment w'ch for ought he cd see might be more Successful by the Arguments wch the Sidducers deduce from the present prospect of affairs and the despondency wch Seems to pervade all ranks & degrees & of these such of the Soldrs as are of a prying disposition -

Knowing also how Whimsical & Infectious the Spirit of desertion is if not instantly & vigorously Crushed in every instance & inducement -

Captn Jno determined not to lose sight of Justice Patton & to add every possible Light & Support to the Evidence in the Package No 1 -
From the Successful escape of the deserters there was no farther Access at him by direct proof but as his intentions to Continue Seduction were the most alarming part to Captn Macdonald he thought best to try how far he Mr Patton was disposed to go on with it -

For this purpose he Pitched upon two very honest men of the Soldrs who never had been Confined or tried by a Court Martial while in the Regt for three yrs past & Consequently wd tell nothing on either side but the Sacred truth These were equipt as deserters & with suitable instructions sent to justice Patton to implore his aid for getting out of the Country to New England. If the deception Shou'd take place Captn McDonald hoped some farther discovery might be made of his Connection with Captn Sweat the Spy and the former deserters -

And upon the whole it will Shew him in proper Colors to be made an example of for the terror of others -

If it Shou'd not even succeed & the finesse Shou'd be known & talked over in the Circuit of the Country it Wd render persons otherwise disposed cautious of entertaining deserters from any quarter or tampering with Captn McDonald's party for fear of a Snake in the Grass

At the same time Captn McDonald Strictly forbad the Sham deserters to try any other persons because it wd create too much disturbance in the Country offend the judgement of it & it wd be rather unfair to trouble people who, whatever they might be had not assisted him Whereas no one cou'd blame him for laying open this fellow Patton & catchg him in his own Snare who had proved such a daring vilainous aggressor on him without any the least provocation on his part.

The Sham deserters arriving at justice Patton's in the Evening of the 10th November were recd in the manner described in their Oath and next morning they returned to him he immediately sent off an express to Cornwallis informing Captn Campbell of the Intelligence concerning the white bottom'd Schooner & I

Captn Campbell

[Rest of page missing.]

and the tampering with Steager it also appears he was ready enough to be the benefactor of any such that came in his way -

But to Convince the world still further of his unfathomable fund of Cunning & what a dangerous man he is about Seven hours after the Sham deserters returned to Captn McDonald a L're was brot to Mr Williams Magistrate there & left at his house by Patton's Servant who went immediately to a Neighboring farm on business of Mr Patton's the Letter I think I have already sent with the affidavits the Contents of wch L're are directly contrary to the Affidavits

[Rest of page missing.]

By which means the Desirters might have been twenty miles off, & out of reach & pursuit before the Leter shoud come to hand. Thus far the justice thought himself and the Desirters out of Danger & Snugg but the Drift was Instantly perceived.

When Captn McDonald sett about finding the Bearer of the letter one of them, Daniel Wade, was confronted to the pretended Desirters who knew him to be one of those who past so much of the preceeding evening with them at the fire in the woods near Patton's house - The othere of the Bearers of the letter, who was Mr Paton's menial Servant, and had also been at the fire in the woods with them, conscious for his own and his Masters Conduct, ran away and could not be found to be Examined. But Wade was brought before an Honest justice was Examined on Oath & Discovered enough to Show on the one Side the truth & consistency.
Oath, and on the othere Side the inconsistency and falshoode of Saide letter of justice Paton's & how instead of answering his Intentions it reached a proof of his Vi

[Rest of page missing.]

Even with the most incredulous was wanting.

How for his receiving Stone & Watts into his House & treating them so well after telling him they were Desirters & craving his assistance is an object of Punishment or Actionable I can not pretend to saie. Capt John McDonald having done his Duty as farr as any officer Could Do in order to apprehend the Desirters as well as to prove that justice Paton was the Person who Induced them to go & furnished them with the means of making their Escape He sent the result of the whole proceeding to me as his commanding officer, and I think it my Duty to Lay the whole before you, the whole troops under your command being equaly concerned & Interrested in this affair as our Regt

Now Since no man whom God and nature has endued with any Degree of Common Sence can doubt of this Villain Paton being Guilty of all that is sworn to Against him I must give it as my own opinion that it is incumbent on the civil Government of this Province to punish as well to frighten

[Rest of page missing.]

a certain Degree the Civil Government to apply for troops, at lest for Small posts,
these Distant parts - Certain ones here a
of the Inhabitants will be busy in tampering with the Soldiers The officers the order irritated that there is no Satisfaction to be had with ten to one be tempted to resent in their own way - Therfore it is beter there Should be no Such partys at all

We understand that when the Rebells finde Positive
proof of disloyal to their States (as they call them) they put the person guilty to Death - when they finde Strong presumptions only, they order the accused to be Stript of all he has & Drove within our Line Suppose the Governor & Council were to hold the Same conduct towards those disaffected in this Province who can neithere be Silent nor quiet It would quickly prevent their Intercourse supplies and intelligence as well as other dangerous proceedings

I am sorry to be so troublesome to you with long L'res If I obtain yr Excellency's permissn I wd write one long L're more, then give no farther trouble. After wishing you many happy returns of the Approaching Season I have the Honor to be Sir Yrs

P.S.
An Ensign or flag for the Garrison is much wanted as the old one is tore to peices wch was never good for anythink -


To MESSRS. GORDON & CROWDER.

Halifax 18th Jany 1779
GENTLEMEN.

Mr Smith Shewed me a very extraordinary Accot of monies to be stopped from this Battalion Amounting to £3.534. 2. 10 3/4 and wch is still more extraordinary Orders to pay this same monies back again to make the matter short I tell you there shall be no Alterations made in the Accots of the Regimt nor not a farthing stoped as I don't see what end it wod answer but to breed confusion. The Regimt is now established and Major Small knows by this time every farthing that is drawn to the 24 Decr & Will Settle his Accots with the Treasury to that period.

As for you, Gentlemen, you have good Vouchers for all the monies that were recd on Accot of this Regimt since you commenced Agents for it.

I wrote you in a former L're that I hd always acted respecting drawing contingencies &c by the advice & orders of my Superior officers the only Accot that you seem most to cavil at was made out by the particular order and directions of Major Small & Signed by him Carefully examined by Captn Hall at that time Genl Masseys Aid ducamp and after all by Genl Massey himself and certified & Signed by him & His warrants were as final and conclusive as the Commander in Chiefs I am told.

I am not for my part in the least Apprehensive that we shall have any money to return at all but on the Contrary some thousands to receive. I can always be answerable that I never drew a farthing more than I ought to do. If I did I don't find it in my pockets & am Sure I am not more extravagant in my rank than my brother officers if not less so than any of them.

I have also wrote you already that Neither men or offrs Subsistance can be Stoped & I am convinced that Major Small will Satisfy Government for every farthing of money that has been drawn & I dont see that anything can be done in these matters till his Arrival w'ch will be in the Month of May.

The Annual Ships arrived here four or five days ago and brot a confirmation of the Establishmt of the Regimt by Letters from Brigr Allan McLean and Major Small. Lists of the offrs of both Bns. we re given into the War office to make out their Commissns from their Orriginal date & take rank accordly

I have nothing more to add but that I am ready to Accot for all the money I have recd when I see the person that has a right to bring me to that w'ch I look upon is Major Small

I wish you Gentlemen a happy New Year & am Yr most obedt Servt


To WILLIAM McADAM.

Halifax 19th Jany 1779
My DR SIR.

Having wrote You lately I have nothing now to trouble you with but the Melancholy Accot of Mrs Macdonald's Death & left me behind a Miserable wretch with five children much at a loss wch way to turn myself to provide for them Shou'd God Spare my life to see them able to do for themselves. I have indeed in the midst of my Distress the pleasure of Acquaintg You that I have recd a L're from Brigadr Allan McLean & another from Major Small confirming the Establishmt of the Regimt at last & the Major tells me he expects to be out early in the Spring. I hope he will come with the Rank of a Lieut Colol w'ch he is Solliciting for since Mr Cuyler was made a Lieut Colol tho' a fair Junr Officer. The Regimt goes by the name of R. H : Fusileers. I hope you have recd my last L'res & the Fish I ordered you by this time with my kind Compts to Mrs McAdam & all enquiring friends I am with Sincere regard

Dr Sir Your Most Obedt & humble Servt


To MAJOR SMALL.

Halifax 20th January 1779
DEAR MAJOR

I am happy to Acquaint you I have recd all your dispatches by Mr McDonald (who arrived here the 12th Inst) the Contents of w'ch are clearly understood & digested -

It give me infinite pleasure to find one of your L'res so full in respect to difft Articles of Clothing & other necessaries recd at this place by me; particularly that they have been Originally intended for this Battalion and as you have the Goodness to say are already "properly and, distincly returned" - But that you may see, the Impropriety of the Charge exhibited Agst you and me I now again Send you not only a Copy of the former return but that of what Captn Murdoch Maclean sent from New York what came last Summer in the Pacific, & what I have recd by Mr Macdonald which I solemnly declare are all that ever came to my hands (or even so much as heard of having been sent out) Since your departure hence

Permit me now to express my Astonishmt at the Clamor made about the Embarkation of Clothing & ca, that for ought I know never had any Existence & how fortunate I look upon my self in not sending any part of the Articles in the inclosed Return to Canada which had I done & had been lost or taken by the Rebels wou'd undoubtedly have been regarded by Colol McLean as my Loss - It was indeed impossible for me to have err'd in my Conduct about those things, having previous to their being Stored consulted with all the Offrs of the Corps, who, As well as myself (Notwithstanding there was no Invoice or Accot of them Sent out) were convinced they were for us from this Circumstance that it wou'd have been the height of absurdity to send necessaries for a Bn in Canada so late in the Season in the Annual Ship for this place.

As I flatter myself this L're & the inclosed Returns will give the Satisfaction required, it is unnecessary to enlarge farther upon the Subject & equally so to call any Court of Enquiry w'ch in the dispersed situation of the Corps wou'd be impracticable & were it otherwise, rediculous upon things we never recd & its not a little amazing Mr Ogilvie did not make these Matters clear before this time w'ch he might easily have done by Applying to his Books.

It is impossible for me to make out a State of the Accots sent me till I return to Windsor Yet I hope to be able to send it by this Oppy, if not, it will certainly go by the next w'ch will be soon after, at any rate will send you the Bill for £400

Our mutual friend Capt Jno. McDonald's very Sensible letter on the present Situation of the Regt saves me the trouble of writing any thing on that head therefore I shall only add to the length of this L're that it will be absolutely necessary to send out the other part of the Clothing (Vizt Coats & Waistcoats) as early in the Spring as possible for we are in want of that & nothing Else - As for the Clothing of the Offrs you will please order what will best suit your own fancy there not being one offr of the Whole Regimt will object to what you propose.

One thing more I beg leave to add, w'ch is, that we are much in want of Drums, for by the Carelessness of the boys (in Spite of the Drum Major's Attention) & the destruction of the rats almost all those we had are destroyed - Shou'd you not think proper to send a whole new Sett at any rate it will be proper to send a Q'ty of Drum heads & Snairs Cords & Drum sticks. But whatever whole Drums come I beg (now that the Regt is established) they may be properly painted as those of other Regts w'ch you know our former Ones were not.

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