By William Thomas Sherman
1604 N.W. 70th ST.
Seattle, WA 98117
This book may be freely copied and duplicated, though under no circumstances may It be sold for profit, or If published for the not-for- profit benefit of others, its contents modified, without the written consent of the author and copyright holder, William Thomas Sherman. Users are free, however, to change font size, style, and format of the text with respect to Its surface appearance.
Calendar and Record
The purpose of this book is to record and provide precise information on the Revolutionary war in the south in 1780 and 1781. 'Who?" "Where?" "When?" "How many?" It asks these questions as they pertain to the military situation existing in and from Georgia to Virginia during that period. In its earliest form, this work focused exclusively on the events relating to General Nathanael Greene's campaigns, with an effort to provide extensive coverage of partisan operations in this same area and period as well. Now, however, the chronology is fitted out with more information beginning with the British siege of Charleston in 1780 and general coverage of the Virginia and Yorktown campaigns. Without wholly ignoring these topics, some scant consideration has also been given to the Spanish offensive in Florida; and the numerous frontier skirmishes with the British allied Indians in western Georgia, the then western portion of North Carolina (i.e. present day Tennessee), and southwestern Virginia.
Although military activity continued well into 1782, it was decided, given the large amount of data and research involved, to limit this study to the actions and movements leading up to and including Eutaw Springs and Yorktown. In addition, I had hoped to at least complete this work with coverage of the fighting in November and December 1781, but other obligations forbade it. Perhaps at a future time it will be possible to add the events and facts pertaining to 1782, as well as the latter months of 1781. At present, however, it would be assuming too much to promise such a thing. The book's full title (i.e. with respect to "1780-1781 ") then is something of a misnomer, which it is hoped readers will, without too much trouble, indulge as a pardonable convenience.
Given that there has been an effort to organize the data in specific categories, some identical passages and notes in this work are reproduced in different sections. White not terribly aesthetical, this approach has great practical valuing in allowing certain information, such as troop strengths and supply lists for example, to be seen in different contexts, thus providing additional insight to a given particular topic. To illustrate, that many of Cornwallis' men were without shoes helps to partly explain his retreat to Cross Creek after Guilford Court House. This information can then be viewed both as something affecting British military movement and morale, while also being pertinent to the British logistics: either of which might be a given person's particular concern.
The work before you is the result of years
of research. It has been made possible by the hard work of individuals
too numerous to name. However, thanks must be expressed here
Lawrence E. Babits; Marg Baskins with BanastreTarleton.org; Charles B. Baxley, of the Battle of Camden Project; Robert Blazis; Lee Boyle; Todd Braisted at the Online Institute of Advanced Loyalist Studies, Ann Brownlee, Shallow Ford researcher and Trading Ford Historic Area Preservation Association founder, Carol Buckler, Jay Callaham; Jo Church Dickerson; Don Gara; Michael David Kennedy; Jim Legg; John Maass; Odell McQuire; Patrick O'Kelley; Warren Ripley; John A. Robertson of the Battle of Camden Project, Don Londahl-Smidt of the Johannes Schwalm Historical Association; Bruce W. Trogdon; Melinda M. Zupon of the Ninety-Six National Historic Site, National Park Service.
It is only etiquette to throw together a list of acknowledgments in a work of non-fiction. Yet here I would observe in addition, that the direct and indirect contributions of most of these people have been absolutely tremendous and, in many instances, ground breaking. Were it possible to delete what they have contributed, you would very much notice a major difference in the quality of the text.
I would also like, as well, to express gratitude to hundreds of genealogical and historical websites, such as those of state and county historical societies, which provided most of the extracts from Revolutionary War pension extracts, and which often fitted in small details which could not be found anywhere else. They are too many to list unfortunately. But I hope that this token expression of gratitude will give at least some of them a little satisfaction in knowing that their endeavors have been a substantial benefit to others.
TABLE of CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION P. 7
The American Revolution and the Southern War in Perspective p. 15
Leaders and Units P. 37
I. AMERICAN LEADERS
The Continental Army p. 37
Virginia Militia and State Troops p. 49
North Carolina Militia and State Troops p. 50
Frontier Militia p. 57
South Carolina Militia and State Troops p. 58
Georgia Militia and State Troops p. 67
II. AMERICAN UNITS
The Continental Army p. 68
State Troops p. 71
III. BRITISH LEADERS
The British Army and Provincials p. 73
German p. 86
North Carolina Loyalists p. 86
South Carolina Loyalists p. 88
Georgia Loyalists p. 92
IV. BRITISH UNITS
The British Army p. 93
Provincials P. 94
Royal Militia P. 97
German p. 102
V. CALENDAR AND RECORD p. 105
A. Totals for Greene's Continentals in the South p. 643
B. Totals for the British Army in the Carolinas and Georgia p. 644
C. Loyalties and Population in the South in 1780 p. 645
Bibliography p. 650
(Tenth Edition, 2015)