SONS OF LIBERTY
The original nine stripes of this flag represented the nine colonies that convened the "Stamp Act Congress" in 1765. After repeal of the Act in 1766, the flag became associated with the Sons of Liberty and became known to the British as the "Rebellious Stripes." The Sons reached their zenith of influence with the Boston Tea Party on December 16, 1773, after which the nine colonies were joined by the rest.
The original of this flag is in the town library in Bedford, Massachusetts. Tradition has it that it was carried by Bedford Minuteman Nathaniel Page at the battle of Concord. The latin motto "VINCE AUT MORITE" may be translated into English as "CONQUER OR DIE" or as "VICTORY OR ELSE DEATH".
PHILADELPHIA LIGHT HORSE
This troop was formed by wealthy Philadelphians who supplied their own uniforms, horses and equipment. In June of 1775 they escorted Washington from Philadelphia to Cambridge, Massachusetts to take command of the Army assembled there. The flag was later carried into battle at Brandywine, Germantown, Princeton and Trenton. One of the interesting things about it is the fact that it is hand painted.
Another example of design elements that we also see in todays' state flag, the anchor has been a symbol of Rhode Island since at least 1647. This flag is in the Statehouse in Providence. Among the first to join the Minutemen outside Boston at the outbreak of war, the Rhode Islanders were also among the first to practice the equality they preached by fielding an entire regiment of Black Patriots.
Believed to have been carried at Bunker Hill, this is a blending of the Meteor flag and the Pine Tree flag. Sometimes referred to as the New England Battle Flag.
On the morning of June 17, 1775, as the British advanced up Breeds' Hill (forever after to be confused with nearby Bunker Hill) in the early morning light they saw this flag above the American fortifications.
You all knew that George Washington
own private navy, right?
Six schooners, to be exact. Outfitted at his personal expense
in the autumn of 1775. Ever the diplomat, Virginian Washington
chose the New England pine tree motif as a gesture of solidarity
and friendship between the northern and southern colonies.